## #HowGraphsWork

I have been thinking hard about how students make sense of graphs.

In my April 17 Global Math Department webinar, we’ll explore ways to help students see #HowGraphsWork

I hope many are able to join us. In case you aren’t able to make it, or if you would like to access resources after the webinar, I included links in this space.

#### Slides from the webinar

180417_HowGraphsWork_GlobalMath_HthrLynnJ

#### Open Access Online activities

Desmos Activities: Cannon Man, Toy Car, and Ferris Wheel

NCTM Illuminations Ferris Wheel Interactive

#### New York Times Column: What’s Going on in This Graph?

(Graphs selected in partnership with Sharon Hessney, the Statistics Content Director at Mass Insight Education)

## Increases can increase? Learn what students think

### Sea levels aren’t just rising. They’re rising FASTER.

https://www.cnn.com/2018/02/12/world/sea-level-rise-accelerating/index.html

### Yet how do students come to make sense of variation in change? How do “increasing” increases become things for students?

In a March 2018 episode of the Math Ed Podcast, I talked with Sam Otten (@ottensam) about an article I co-authored with Evan McClintock. I share results of the study and offer insights into our research process.

We found that students who discerned variation in increases also reasoned about attributes as being capable of varying and possible to measure.

Students’ willingness to share their thinking is key to our research. Learn how we position students as experts when conducting math interviews.

### Our article is available open access:

Johnson, H. L & McClintock, E. (2018). A link between students’ discernment of variation in unidirectional change and their use of quantitative variational reasoning. Educational Studies in Mathematics. 97(3), 299-316. doi: 10.1007/s10649-017-9799-7

Give students opportunities to make sense of varying increases

## Keep track of your writing progress to grow your writing practice

3. #### What counts as “writing”?

Had you asked me these questions earlier in my career, I probably would have responded: (1) Not often enough, (2) A few hours, (3) Work on a paper.

### Keeping track of my writing progress

A few years ago, I decided to start keeping track of my writing progress to learn more about my writing habits. What I learned surprised me.

#### 3 things I learned from keeping track

1. I write more frequently when I am in the midst of a project. I procrastinate the most when I am working to develop new ideas.
2. I need at least 15 minutes for a writing session. I need a break after 2 hours of writing.
3. I have a wide variety of activities that count as writing. Some are harder for me than others.

### Growing my writing practice

Keeping track of my writing progress helped me to grow my writing practice.

#### 3 ways my writing practice has grown

1. I have more JOY in writing. I look forward to writing sessions.
2. I use my writing practice to learn and grow ideas. I know that ideas that sound good in conversation need to go through the “writing fire” to develop and grow. I use free writing to develop and nurture new ideas.
3. I can anticipate and handle challenging portions of a writing project. And plan accordingly. I prioritize more challenging writing activities to help me to make the most of my writing sessions.

### How I keep track of my writing

I use a google spreadsheet. The spreadsheet has six columns: Date; Activity; Time of Day; Hours; Progress; Next Steps.

1. Date. I aim to write every week day. Some months I do better than others. If I have a heavy meeting day, I had better write in the morning or it won’t happen.
2. Activity. Saying yes to that new conference paper or book chapter can take more time than I realize. If I have too many projects going on, I engage in less free writing, which is one of my favorite aspects of my writing practice.
3. Time of Day. My most favorite time of day to write is the late afternoon/early evening. And I write at all times of the day.
4. Hours. 15 minutes is really enough time for me to make progress on small tasks. Even though a six hour writing session seems like it might be a good idea, it is too much for me all at once.
5. Progress. Recording my progress helps me to chunk writing projects into smaller, more manageable portions.
6. Next Steps. Plans for my next writing session helps me continue to make progress with a writing project.

### “I don’t have enough time to write. Let alone keep track of my writing.”

I don’t have enough time to NOT keep track of my writing.

## Give students opportunities to make sense of varying increases

### 2018 began with news articles about varying increases:

In our recent research article, we report on a study identifying learning conditions that help early secondary students to “discern variation in unidirectional change.” Or put another way, make sense of accelerating growth.

## We identify two conditions:

Provide students opportunities to conceive of attributes as capable of varying and possible to measure.

#### Possible to Measure

How students think about the attributes matters. Attributes such as length can be easier for students to conceive of measuring, than attributes such as volume or time.

#### capable of varying

Give students opportunities to make sense of change as happening. Too often, students only have opportunities to think about how much change has accrued.

Johnson, Heather Lynn, and Evan McClintock. “A Link between Students’ Discernment of Variation in Unidirectional Change and Their Use of Quantitative Variational Reasoning.” Educational Studies in Mathematics, Springer Netherlands, Jan. 2018, pp. 1–18.

## Want to try this with students?

Use one of the Techtivities we developed in collaboration with Dan Meyer and the team at Desmos.

## Make Graphs about Relationships with Cannon Man

In math classes, students work with graphs. A LOT.

Yet, what do students think graphs are? Why might students sketch or use graphs?

### A powerful way for students to think about graphs: As relationships between “things” that can change

Together with Dan Meyer and the team at Desmos, I developed activities, “Techtivities” to provide students opportunities to think about graphs as representing relationships.

In this audio clip from a recent presentation, I talk through one of the Techtivities, the Cannon Man:

Want to find out more about how we’re using the Techtivities? See our ITSCoRe project website.

Tried one of the Techtivities? Have questions about when or how the Techtivities? I would enjoy hearing and responding to your comments.

## How do you “half-work”?

Leisure is not an enemy of productivity. “Half-working” is.

How do you keep your working time productive?

Actively staving off “half working” helps me to hold myself accountable for working during my scheduled work time. And affords me real space to not work.